1. The Fourth Industrial Revolution represents a fundamental change in the way we live, work and relate to one another. It is enabled by extraordinary technological advances which are merging the physical, digital and biological worlds. It is also an opportunity to help everyone, including leaders, policy-makers and people from all income groups and nations, to harness converging technologies in order to create an inclusive, human-centred future.
2. The energy transition is understood as a general pathway toward a transformation of the global energy sector from fossil-based to zero-carbon by the second half of this century. At its heart is the need to reduce energy-related CO2 emissions to limit climate change.
3. Energy management and integration include planning and operation of energy production, preferably from renewable sources, and energy consumption units. Objectives are resource conservation, climate protection and cost savings, while the users have permanent access to the energy they need. It is connected closely to environmental management, production management and logistics functions.
4. The digital technology and applications that allow for two-way communication between the utility and its customers, and the sensing along the transmission lines, is what makes the grid smart. Then, the Smart Grid consists of controls, computers, automation, and new technologies and equipment working together, but in this case, these technologies will work with the electrical grid to respond digitally to our quickly changing electric demand.
5. Power quality is essential nowadays because it is a measure of how well the electrical system supports the proper operation of its loads.
6. Electromagnetic Compatibility is related to the interaction of electrical and electronic equipment with its electromagnetic environment, and with other equipment. All the devices have the potential to emit electromagnetic fields, then considering the proliferation of such devices into everyday life, there is, therefore, huge potential for devices to interfere with each other.